Note: the web is a fluid place. Web sites come and web sites go. Although I will try to keep this page up-to-date, please let me know if a link is no longer active. Send me an email by copying everything in quotes into your email program: "andrea dot mcphee at tdsb dot on dot ca". Change the word "dot" to an actual dot, at to @, and remove the spaces.

Obviously, this page is a work in progress. I will keep adding to it as time goes on, so check back every now and then.

I know what you're thinking: she's listing books - how quaint. Just remember that anyone (including me) can put anything on a webpage, and wikipedia has many (uncaught) mistakes. Books usually have to go through a slightly more rigorous fact-checking process (Dan Brown notwithstanding), they're portable, and easily read in a power outage (as long as you have a flashlight or the sun).

Organized by course (alphabetically):

- Ms. McPhee's tips on how to do well in math and physics courses.
- Homework Help is free, online math tutoring for students in grades 7-10 (Sunday - Thursday, 5:30-9:30 pm EST)
- Not study skills, but a list compiled by Wayne Erdman, a fellow teacher in the TDSB, of 2009 university math requirements
- How to Study Physics. Read the section on Problem Solving in Physics, too.
- How to Succeed in Math Class by West Texas A&M. Read this!
- Eight Reasons Why No Student Should Go Through High School Without Taking Physics
- Why You Should Choose Math in High School
- Why Study Math
- Purple Math's Homework Guidelines tell you how to write up a beautiful assignment.
- The Dance of Math and Physics by Dr. Cecilia Barnbaum at Valdosta State University in Georgia explores the connection between math and physics, as well as the aesthetics of math. She also has good things to say about math phobia and science. The rest of her website is worth exploring, too.

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- MS Windows Journal Viewer. I use Journal for class notes. I will post them in pdf form every month, but if you need them sooner than that, come see me with a USB stick. You can use either Word or this free viewer to read the notes.
- TI 84+ Calculator emulators. This is a free emulator you can download so you can practice working with the graphing calculator on your computer. It's a bit involved, but it allows you to install applications and programs. Follow the instructions in the Installation file to install the emulator. You can click on the TI link below to download applications. To load an application into the emulator once you have downloaded it, you need to make sure the calculator is stopped (
- or Debug->Stop), then go to Load->Application, then click on the application you need. Once you've done that, start the calculator ( ), then save the updated file (otherwise you'll have to reload the application every time). - This emulator is much easier to install and use, but I'm not sure how to install programs or applications on it.
- If you have your own graphing calculator, TI-Connect is very useful; it allows you to upload/download programs, lists, applications, etc. between your calculator and computer.
- TI 83+/84+ applications takes you to the TI website section where you can download applications for the emulator or for the actual calculator. Look for the Transform application further down the list under "Transformation Graphing."

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- Practical Algebra Lessons from Elzabeth Stapel at purplemath.com. Scroll down to Intermediate Algebra to find lesson modules on polynomials (including Domain and Range, factoring, etc). Advanced Algebra has lesson modules on inequalities, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions. There are also word problems.

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- Adams, Colin, Joel Hass, & Abigail Thompson:
__How To Ace Calculus: the Streetwise Guide__. You can read excerpts from it here. This is really quite funny, and so, so true.

- Some nice java applets showing derivatives of certain functions.
- Tutorials for the Calculus Phobe by Michael Kelley has lots of useful (and fun) stuff.
*Warning: Contains Flash* - Karl's Calculus Tutor by Karl Hahn is a really good free tutorial system, which appeals to my sense of humour. You have been warned. Bear in mind: some of this stuff goes beyond the scope of our course, but feel free to ask me about anything that doesn't look familiar.
- The Calculus Page has a lot of additional resources for you.

- Jenny Olive has created a really great site that covers a lot of what we do in this course.
- Vectors in 3D by Walter Fendt allows you to put in
*x-, y-,*and*z-*components of a vector and see the result. You can go to the main site and download all his applets (which include some great physics demos; see the physics section). - Vectors and the Geometry of Space is part of a multivariable calculus course, but the first 5 sections are useful. The modules have animations of vectors, dot and cross products, direction angles, and equations of lines and planes -- they will help you visualize these concepts.
- Cross product: This applet lets you change vectors A and B, but they are given in polar coordinates. This applet lets you change the angle between the vectors and see how the resulting cross product changes.
- Addition of vectors: Jenny Olive's pages on adding vectors are great. Drag the blue arrows on Walter Fendt's applet to change the magnitude and direction of the vectors. This site by IES uses components to add vectors.
- Lines: Walter Fendt (him again) has a terrific equation of vector in 3-space applet.
- This applet has a nice animation of a plane and its normal.

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- ESTAT (Canadian data). If accessing from home, you'll need the userid and password.
- Here is the link to the StatsCan page that has the microdata files.
- United Nations data site. Tons of world data, from population to education to resources to tourism.
- GapMinder has links to a bunch of different data-rich sites.
- Hickok Sports History page has quite a bit of sports information, as do the sites listed on their Links to general sports sites page.
- Ontario Ministry of Transporation. They have also provided some external links to other data-rich sites (check out the research section).
- The Insurance Bureau of Canada is also a data-rich site. Start with the Facts Book.
- The World Bank has a great deal of information about international economics. Click on
*Data*to start with. - Data sets provided by the wonderful folks at Fathom.
- Data Sets provided by Rex Boggs at Glenmore SHS in Queensland, Australia.
- The Data Library at mathforum.org has lots of links to projects, data sets, and other sites that contain data.

- Books:
- Huff, Darrell.
__How To Lie With Statistics__. Written in 1954 (which explains why he thinks $25,111 per year is a lot of money), and reprinted in 1993, this book is full of excellent examples of ways statistics have been misused to "sensationalize, inflate, confuse, and oversimplify." (pg. 8) - Gonick, Larry and Woollcott Smith.
__The Cartoon Guide to Statistics__. This is a fun introduction to the subject. If some of the examples seem familiar, that is because I have borrowed them. - Links: (Last accessed 08-07-04)
- Statistics: Power from Data! by StatsCan.
- ESTAT. If accessing from home, you'll need the userid and password.
- Statistics sesources from the Australian Bureau of Statistics. They're in the process of revamping the website, but there's quite a lot of info there.
- GapMinder is "a non-profit venture promoting sustainable global development ... by increased use and understanding of statistics and other information about social, economic and environmental development..." There are videos here (some are very cool; look at the TED2006 lecture). Try out Gapminder World. Press
*Play*. - Mind Map Gallery (on the super official Mind Mapping site by Tony Buzan).
- There are several
*free*mind mapping software packages. I have tried none of these, so let me know if you like them. FreeMind looks a bit linear. Edraw Mind Map is available in Italian and Chinese, but it looks like only English is freeware. - Here is the YouTube mind mapping video we watched in class. There are several other videos you could watch.
- Purplemath.com, if you scroll down to the appendices, has information on mean, median, mode, and stem-and-leaf plots.
- Sample Size Calculator from Creative Research Systems. This is a for-profit company that sells survey systems, but if you look in at the other tabs in this section, you'll find some useful information about creating surveys, correlation, and statistical significance.
- Gizmos site. You need a login and password from Ms. McPhee to access the site.

- Books:
- Rosenthal, Jeffery.
__Struck By Lightening__. Rosenthal is a math prof at the University of Toronto, and he writes quite clearly about the confusion surrounding every day probabilities, from playing the lottery and other forms of gambling, to amazing coincidences. - Links:
- How juries get fooled by statistics (TEDTalks) is a 22 min YouTube video where statistician Peter Donnelly discusses common mistakes people make in interpreting statistics and what that can mean in a jury trial.
- The Curious World of Probabilities by Jeffrey Rosenthal, where he discusses "probability perspective" and randomness; given at the Perimeter Institute.
- Data Analysis and Probability tools from Utah University. Look also at the Venn diagram applet. You can practise your set theoretic knowledge.
- Purplemath.com has a great section on Venn diagrams and set notation.
- CBC uses Venn diagrams to predict pop culture events in 2008.
- Monty Hall Problem simulations. This one uses pigs instead of goats, but has sound effects. It keeps track of the number of wins for each strategy. This version from the University of San Diego Department of Mathematics uses goats, has a good explanation, and keeps track of the wins for each strategy
*for every person who has ever used the applet*(which increases the number of trials, etc.). - Brian Alspach's Math and Poker page. Not that I condone gambling under any circumstance, but poker is a delightful application of probability.

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- Books:
- Burger, Edward B. & Michael Starbird.
__Coincidences, Chaos, and All That Math Jazz: Making Light of Weighty Ideas__. A very entertaining tour of probability, statistics, topology, chaos, understanding 4D spaces, infinities, and other edges of the math realm, with nice analogies, examples, and stuff to try. - King, Jerry P.
__The Art of Mathematics__. Another entertaining exploration of math, explaining the beauty of pure math, applied math, and the bridges between the two. - Links:
- Plus Magazine is a British website devoted to all things mathematical. This is a really good site.
- The Mathematical Atlas : A Gateway to Modern Mathematics put together by Dave Ruskin at Northern Illinois University.
- MathWorld by Wolfram bills itself as the world's most extensive mathematics resource. I don't know about that, but it does have quite a lot of math. Wolfram are the makers of
*Mathematica*, a software program that does symbolic and computational computing and mathematical visualization. It is similar to Maple, a program created by University of Waterloo profs. - Math Motivation:Learn the Value of Mathematics for Your Life and Career tries to answer the question
*When will I use this?*. The author provides "real-world" examples using algebra and logic, and there are a bunch of people who explain "how math helped me." - Math in the News archive from the Mathematical Association of America.
- Keith Devlin has written an article about mathematics and voting; essentially, it's never fair. This article is beautifully ironic in its timing(it was written before the 2000 US debacle).
- Simpsonsmath.com. This site explores the math content (which is often significant) in The Simpsons.

- Ms. McPhee's tips on how to do well in math and physics.
- Homework Help is free, online math tutoring for students in grades 7-10 (Sunday - Thursday, 5:30-9:30 pm EST)
- The Most Common Errors in Undergraduate Mathematics . Read this. No, really. You need to read this. Don't worry about the calculus stuff you don't understand yet. This stuff is important.
- Common Math Errors is high school level. Read this too.
- Mathmistakes.info : Learn by looking at real mistakes by real students and correcting them. Trigonometry, Algebra, and Calculus.
- Math Co@ch provides online tutoring during the school day (MF 8:30-1:00 PM and 2:00-3:30 PM
- Wiredmath.ca: Online games, drills, and exercises; problem-solving; challenges and extensions.
- Purple Math has much useful information.
- Math Nerds Free Math Help provides "hints, suggestions, and references to help [their] clients understand and solve their mathematical problems." Volunteer-based and non-profit.
- Ask Dr. Math from the Math Forum at Drexel University.
- Math Central from the University of Regina (sponsored by Imperial Oil).

- Books:
- Links:
- The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive from the School of Mathematics at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland is very comprehensive.
- Ethnomathematics links that look at mathematics in different cultures.

- Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing: This is where to find registration information, past contests, and solutions for the Canadian Open Mathematics Challenge, the Pascal, Cayley, and Fermat contests.

- Algebra Balance Scales allows you to practise solving equations by playing with blocks of x's and 1's. This version adds negatives.
- Linear equation solver by David Hellam lets you practice solving equations. Pay attention to what the resulting equation is doing.
- Multiplying Binomials lets you play with virtual Algetiles to practise multipling binomials.
- Purplemath.com has a large number of tutorials in algebra.
- Beginning Algebra Homepage from West Texas A&M University has some good tutorials. Everyone should read tutorial #1. Make sure you scan the whole list of tutorials to find what you're looking for, as this is a bit out of order from what we do in grade 9.

- Books:
- Gleick, James.
__Chaos: Making a New Science__. This book is a great introduction to the thinkers behind chaos theory and who was pushing the boundaries 20 years ago. You can read an excerpt here. You can download CHAOS: the Software as well. - Links:
- Fract-Ed is a, sadly, text-based introduction to fractals.
- Mandelubber is a fractal blog; I've linked to the tutorial section.
- The Non-Linear Lab by Blair Fraser shows that chaotic systems are not limited to fractals. Non-linear dynamics are where it's at.
- Look up cornstarch science on YouTube to see a truly bizarre application of nonlinear dynamics on a non-Newtonian fluid.

- Scroll down a bit to Walter Fendt's geometry applets to play around with angles in parallel lines, special lines of a triangle, and the Pythagorean theorem.

- Plus Magazine is a British website devoted to all things mathematical. This is such a good site, I'm putting it in my resources section
*twice*! - You will spend hours and hours on MathPuzzle.com. Ed Pegg Jr. is also a consultant for the now-defunct CBS show NUMB3RS.
- The Galileo Educational Network's Math Fair Problem page has puzzles for grades 1-6 and 7-12.
- Erich's Puzzle Palace
- Links to many Math and Logic puzzles from puzzles.com.
- Cut the Knot puzzles and games.
- The Ultimate Puzzle Site
- The Grey Labyrinth
- Nick's Mathematical Puzzles -- he believes that understanding how the answer is arrived at is more important than the actual solution.
- Puzzler's Paradise has great logic puzzles.

- What is topology? A "short and idiosyncratic answer by Robert Bruner of Wayne State University.
- The official M.C. Escher website. Mathematicians love Escher because of his "Symmetry" etchings and also because of the way he played with perspective in his impossible buildings. His metamorphosis series are also interesting. He was also a good technical artist.
- Jeff Weeks' Topology and Geometry Software
- Tesselations, created by David Hellam's students.

- Basic trig ratios from PurpleMath.com
- Simple trig applet by WaldoMaths.com. Practice the solution before hitting the trig ratio to check your answer.
- Finding the angle (inverse trig ratios) from PurpleMath.com
- Right-angle word problems from PurpleMath.com
- Angle of elevation/depression from PurpleMath.com
- Sine, Cosine, Tangent worksheets with worked examples and answer key

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- Readings: (from the David Suzuki Foundation
- Ecological Footprint Calculator by the Global Footprint Network assumes you are in Calgary, so you need to think about what "local" means to us in Ontario.

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- Books:
- Gonick, Larry and Art Huffman.
__The Cartoon Guide to Physics__. Like the Cartoon Guide to Statistics (see above), this is a fun introduction to many aspects of physics. - Walker, Jearl.
__The Flying Circus of Physics; With Answers.__ - Rothman, Tony.
__Instant Physics: From Aristotle to Einstein, and Beyond__. This is a funny and clear explanation of a good deal of physics. - Bodanis, David.
__E = mc__. This book is ostensibly about the equation that relates energy and mass, but along the way, the author explains energy, mass, the speed of light, and even the advent of the equals sign. A fun read.^{2} - Ferris, Timothy.
__Coming of Age in the Milky Way__. This is actually the history of astronomy and astrophysics, but since for a long time the history of physics**was**the history of astronomy, this book covers a lot of history and information in a very fun and informative way. Ferris also touches on geology, the invention of the pocket watch, and biology along the way. Full of cocktail party gossip about the scientists involved. - Links:
- Ms. McPhee's tips on how to do well in math and physics. The pages currently say "math" everywhere, but the same tips apply to physics.
- Common Physics Mistakes.
- The Physics Hypertextbook. This is a site written by Glenn Elert.
- The Physics Classroom is an online physics tutorial, with multimedia files to help you visualize the physics and skills practice.
- NY Regents Physics Prep site
- Not homework help, but the University of Sydney Sleek Geeks Science Eureka Schools Prize is a video contest. Here are the 2008 winners. Scroll down to "A Fundamental Misunderstanding."

- Books:
- Gleick, James.
__Genius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynmann__is highly entertaining. - Gleick, James.
__Isaac Newton__is an overview of Newton's science, as well as his more questionable investigations and his rivalries. - Sobel, Dava.
__Galileo's Daughter: A Historical Memoir of Science, Faith, and Love__. The author of__Longitude__presents Galileo's life and especially his small spat with the Church, bolstered by letters from his daughter. You can read the first chapter here. - Links:

- Walter Fendt's java applets are fantastic. He's got them for just about everything.
- Determine the net force resulting from 3 forces acting on an object.
- FBD of block on an inclined plane by Fu-Kwan Hwang.
- Throw a Ball to play around with projectile motion.
- SciShow (with Hank Green) playlist of the six 3 & 1/2 minute videos four fundamental forces
- Art created by gravity

- Crocodile Clips is a freeware program that lets you play around with circuit electricity. It's very additictive.

- MinutePhysics videos on magnetism: How do magnets work (with Veritasium), Magnetic leviation (diamagnetism), How to destroy a magnet (with link to the Periodic Table of Videos)
- Veritasium video: Levitating Barbecue (elctromagnetic induction)
- Caltech's point charge simulation. Allows you to add point charges in any configuration and look at the resulting field.
- The Millikan oil drop experiment simulation.
- The Millikan Oil Drop Experiement we used in the lab.
- Magnetic field simulation shows the action of a magnetic field on a charged particle.
- Several applets are here, not just electromagnetic fields. Look under Applet menu, Electricity, Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field.
- Electricity and Magnetism java applet tutorials, including how a CD works.

- Learning about potential and kinetic energy. The simulation is near the bottom of the page.
- Conservation of energy on a roller coaster
- Energy Skate Park from PhET at the University of Colorado at Boulder.
- 2D Collisions applet from the University of Virginia.
- Rigid Body Collisions is kind of fun.
- Live particle collisions from Fermilab

- Refraction of light demonstrates Snell's law.
- Play with ray diagrams for a converging lens. Click on "principal rays" and "virtual image."
- More playing with thin lens ray diagrams. This one lets you change to diverging lenses or mirrors.
- Applications of total internal reflection. Scroll down to see a great applet that lets you play with apparent depth.
- Dissection of a cow eye videos: from the Exploratorium (quite detailed) and from Bristol Science Centre

- Refraction of light using Huygen's Principle. This is a nice little tutorial.
- Veritasium video on the double slit experiment

- The Photoelectric Effect simulation from PhET.
- The Particle Adventure is an interactive tour of quarks, neutrinos, antimatter, extra dimensions, dark matter, accelerators, and particle detectors; brought to you by the some quirky folks at Berkeley.
- A Fundamental Misunderstanding is a very good and funny video about the current state of things in particle physics. Scroll down to the bottom of the page.
- MinutePhysics playlist of quantum mechanics
- MinutePhysics (with Veritasium) quantum explanation of how magnets work (this is about 6.5 minutes long)

- The Michelson-Morley experiment simulation
- The swimming analogy from the University of Toronto
- The simulation showing simultaneity from the University of Toronto.
- Einstein Light is a nice little tutorial about relativity and what it means, with really terrific background links.
- MinutePhysics videos on special relativity, How to time travel, and
- Veritasium (with MinutePhysics) explanation of how special relativity makes electromagnetism work
- A 1923 silent movie explaining relativity in layman's terms.
- Relativistic flight through Stonehenge: The gif movie and a detailed step-by-step explanation
- Alice and Bob in Wonderland (Perimeter Institute video): Why are we stuck to the Earth?
- Journey into a black hole video from Deep Astronomy.

- Resonance: breaking a wine glass. This site also explains how you can reproduce the experiment. Last accessed 07-08-19. You can also try looking on YouTube; try using "breaking wine glass resonance" as search words.
- Beats applet. Experience beats both as sound and see the visual wave form.
- Doppler Effect applet lets you play with different source speeds. Walter Fendt also created a nice little example. This version by the University of Virginia lets you hear the change in frequency.
- Standing longitudinal waves

- The Ripple tank simulation from Paul Falstad, who has written a lot of applets. These are all downloadable, along with the instructions.
- Superposition of pulses applet by Fu-Kwun Hwang.
- Superposition of waves Physlet. Play around with different
*x*and*t*coefficients to see different shapes. - Standing waves: The loaded string applet from Paul Falstad simulates a standing wave on a string. Change "Display phases" to "Display Left+Right" to see how they right- and left-travelling waves interfere with each other. Walter Fendt's simulation shows how you get a standing wave from either a fixed or free end.
- Coupled Oscillators shows longitudinal motion.
- The Tacoma Narrows bridge collapse video. There are several other versions of this on the web (the older ones are very tiny since the original film was small). See this page for some stills and a downloadable clip.

- Jarvis Physics wiki where you can collaborate on your projects and write your logs. You need a user id and password from Ms. McPhee.
- Physics Contests
- SIN contest from University of Waterloo
- Canadian Chemistry and Physics Olympiads homepage
- OAPT grade 11 physics contest

- Rube Goldberg Machines
- The official Rube Goldberg site.
- The Honda commercial and relevant information about it from Snopes.com
- OK Go have made many innovative videos, including this one for
*This Too Shall Pass*. Timing, people; timing. Also, watch the "Making of" videos. - Naturally, the Mythbusters got into the act. With Mentos and Diet Coke, of course.
- Here is a Toronto-based, photography-themed RG machine that makes sweet references to both the Cog and OK Go videos. And uses a mother-load of gorilla tripods. Be sure to watch the videos about how it came together.
- The Best Rube Goldberg Machine Ever might be a bit over the top. It's pretty epic.
- A seasonal rube goldberg machine made with vintage toys
- An ad for Beneful is adorable (but remember no live animals are allowed in your project)

- Photography and Video contests
- CAP Art of Physics contest
- AAPT photography contest
- McMaster Physics video contest
- OAPT photography contest (not offered every year)

- Physics Lectures
- Royal Canadian Institute for the Advancement of Science lectures
- University of Toronto Physics Department lecture and seminar series. The colloquia occur every week and are available online.
- Past public lectures at the Perimeter Institute.
- TED talks physics talks.

- Physics articles:
- The journal Nature. This is a weekly science journal. Note: they want you to pay for any article you download (about $US 15-40). The physical journal is available at the Toronto Reference library (4th floor) and University of Toronto Physics library.
- Scientific American, Sky and Telescope, Astronomy, Popular Science, and other physics/science periodicals are available in the Jarvis library and in various science classrooms in the school.

- Podcasting information
- Learn how to podcast from Jason van Orden. He includes tutorials on using Audacity.
- Tony Vincent has created a booklet on podcasting. He also has tutorials.
- If you have a PC, Audacity is free, open-source software for recording and editing sounds. You will also need to download & install the LAME MP3 encoder. You crazy Mac types will probably want to use GarageBand.
- Free sound effects from Soundjay.com.

- Go!Animate is a free site that will do animations for you!

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